The most populous African country! Welcome to Nigeria
Over 300 ethnic groups, over 520 languages
Nigeria is Africa’s largest oil-producing country located on the west coast of the African continent. In addition to crude oil, it is blessed with abundant natural resources such as natural gas, tin, iron, ore, limestone, lead, and zinc. With a population of about 183 million, it is the largest in Africa (7th in the world) and is often referred to as the “African giant.”
It is also known as a multi-ethnic nation composed of many ethnic groups. There are more than 300 ethnic minorities in the three major groups of Hausa (Northern: 29%), Yoruba (Western: 21%) and Warts (Eastern: 18%). Over 520 diverse languages are used throughout the country, including the official language English.
As for major political positions such as the president and vice president, we try to avoid ethnic bias, as if it were a multi-ethnic nation. In fact, the current president is from the north, the vice president is from the west, the senator is from the middle, and the speaker is from the east. In addition, one minister is always selected from each state.
The economy is basically import-dependent. The largest economic hub in Nigeria is Lagos, the former capital. With a population of about 22 million and GDP of $ 91 billion, it is about 20% of Nigeria’s total. In addition, Lagos accounts for 65% of the manufacturing industry and 90% of foreign trade. Most banks, financial institutions and major companies in the country are headquartered in Lagos Island and adjacent Victoria Island, and Nigeria MC is also located in Victoria Island.
In addition, some local cities function as manufacturing and commercial hubs. Abba in the east is locally produced for fabrics, shoes, bags and clothes. Also in the east, Newi manufactures and assembles coconut oil, cosmetics, motor and motorcycle parts. Northern girlfriends are textiles, ceramics, wood carvings, leather goods, cotton and agricultural products. Port Harcourt in the south is famous for its oil and gas related businesses.
Lagos’s life revolves around “go slow”
The biggest problem with Lagos is that infrastructure and transportation systems are not keeping up with the rapidly increasing population. In Lagos, traffic conditions can make a big difference in your schedule for the day.
After 4 pm, the rush to return home begins and we are in dire straits. Lagos is divided into the mainland where citizens live and Lagos Island where businesses are concentrated, and the two districts are connected by a 12km bridge. Normally, it takes about 15 minutes by car to pass, but at peak times it takes more than 3 hours to cross.
When the traffic jam, which is described as “go slow” in the slang of Lagos, begins, a unique landscape unfolds. A seller who puts a product on his head or ties it to his chest or hand moves quickly between cars and begins selling to a hungry driver.
It’s not just drinks and food. You can buy books, sunglasses, light bulbs, sandals, electric water heaters, mobile phones, toys, whatever. Some of them are eyebrows, such as headaches and medicines that claim to cure all illnesses. When a large truck or bus arrives, it is sold for sale, and sometimes it is possible to get on the bus and do business. “Go slow,” which transforms into a huge market, is widespread throughout Nigeria.
Everyone, when you return from Lagos, don’t forget to head to the airport 4-5 hours before your flight departs. If you need dinner, you can get to the airport smoothly by eating on the mainland side.
Various deliciousness depending on the region
Nigerian cuisine is diverse from the origins of the country (more than 300 tribes, two major religions, a vast land of 923,000 square miles), and the combinations and choices are endless. However, there is a commonality that the staple foods such as potatoes such as yams and cassava, and grains such as rice, millet, corn, and sorghum are the basis of the diet.
In 1969, Mitsubishi Corporation opened Nigeria Mitsubishi Corporation in Lagos as a business base for Nigeria and Ghana, the two largest economies in West Africa. Currently, there are 12 people working in the office. Serious traffic congestion is a source of concern in Lagos. At our company, we are trying to shorten the commuting time as much as possible, such as by shortening the start time, but it can still take up to 4 hours for a round trip.
The office is located on the 15th floor of the building, and you can see the site of the new urban development project “Eco-Atlantic” from the window. It is an area that can be said to be a symbol of economic development, with the construction of office buildings and condominiums progressing on a vast landfill of 25 km2. Three years later, 250,000 people will live and 150,000 will work here.
The population surpassed 200 million before 2020, and its nominal GDP, which represents the scale of the economy, is projected to be 20th in the world (27th in 2016, the top in Africa, and 32nd among Africans, 32nd in Egypt. South Africa 39th). Due to the sharp drop in crude oil prices in recent years, the economic growth rate in 2016 was negative for the first time in a long time, but it was positive in 2017. In recent years, Vice President Oshinbajo, has begun to improve customs and immigration procedures, and is working to improve the business environment, which is highly expected.
It is widely believed that the country, based on it’s population and talents, will join the ranks of economically advanced countries in future.